papst alexander vii

The conversion of Queen Christina of Sweden (1632–1654) occurred during Alexander VII's reign. Give good old Wikipedia a great new look: Cover photo is available under {{ || 'Unknown'}} license. He was often visited by the cardinals, contrary to the former customs, who were willing to be round about his bed till his end. He was later transferred in 1652, and he became bishop of Imola. After Alexander VII's pontificate, the Index underwent a number of revisions. "[36] Among those included were the previous decrees placing various heliocentric works on the Index ("...which we will should be considered as though it were inserted in these presents, together with all, and singular, the things contained therein...") and using his Apostolic authority he bound the faithful to its contents ("...and approve with Apostolic authority by the tenor of these presents, and: command and enjoin all persons everywhere to yield this Index a constant and complete obedience...")[37] Thus, Alexander turned definitively against the heliocentric view of the solar system. Leben. Cardinal Flavio began work on the Villa Chigi-Versaglia at Formello in 1664. Sie können diese Einwilligung jederzeit widerrufen. Diesen war die Liebe zur Kunst, von Prunk und eines angenehmen Lebens sowie ein starkes machtpolitisches Streben gemeinsam.Die notwendigen inneren Reformen der Kirche mussten dabei nicht selten auf der … Join the Pepys’ Diary email discussion group, Follow in real time on Twitter or on Mastodon, Fabio Chigi as Papal Nuntius to the Peace of Westphalia negotiations, by. Mit seinen Talenten und Kenntnissen standen Frömmigkeit und Sittenreinheit in vollstem Einklang. Hier finden Sie die Beiträge nach Themen gelistet. Chigi. (eigentlich Fabio Chigi; * 13. (regierte von 1655 bis 1667), Papst Klemens IX. – (Stangl). He published his Index Librorum Prohibitorum Alexandri VII Pontificis Maximi jussu editus which presented anew the contents of the Index of Forbidden Books which had condemned the works of Copernicus and Galileo. Would you like to suggest this photo as the cover photo for this article? According to Rev. He also continued to take the Jesuit part in their conflict with the Jansenists, whose condemnation he had vigorously supported as advisor to Pope Innocent X. Alexander, vom Kaiser Leopold I. wie von Spanien nicht unterstützt, musste sich zu demütigender Abbitte verstehen und die Korsen, die sich hauptsächlich an dem Krawall beteiligt hatten, entfernen. Diesem Wunsch des seligen Papstes entsprach Alexander und bekämpfte mit allen Mitteln die Irrlehre. Auf recht unedle Weise suchte sich deswegen der französische König Ludwig XIV. [32] The Palazzo Chigi in Rome is not to be confused with the Palazzo Chigi in S. Quirico d'Orcia in Tuscany,[33] or the Palazzo Chigi di Formello.[34]. According to this pamphlet, Alexander, although bedridden, wanted to celebrate the Passion to ready himself for his impending death. His pontificate was also marked by protracted controversies with Portugal. Which were the last words which proceeded out of his mouth. Papst der Katholischen Kirche ... 237. The prose may be grossly exaggerated, as the view of a Protestant clergyman and nephew of the Dean of Canterbury, but, indeed, it is at least true that in the consistory of 24 April 1656 Pope Alexander announced that his brother and nephews would be coming to assist him in Rome. In 1662, the equally hostile Duc de Crequi was made ambassador. Alexander VII favored the Spanish in their claims against Portugal, which had reestablished its traditional independence in 1640. In December 1651 Pope Innocent named Cardinal Chigi Secretary of State. Zugleich faßte er den Plan, alle Fürsten zum Kampf gegen den Erbfeind des christlichen Namens, gegen die Türken, zu vereinigen. Zu meinen Favoriten hinzufügen Teilen. When the Venetians called for help in Crete against the Ottoman Turks, the Pope extracted in return a promise that the Jesuits should be permitted back in Venetian territory, from which they had been expelled in 1606. Nonetheless, Alexander's family heraldic emblems of the mons or mountains with stars and oak leaves, adorn Borromini's[27] church of Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza and many other works of his reign. [6][7], Chigi was ordained a priest in December 1634. Endlich entschlossen, katholisch zu werden, leistete sie auf die Krone Schwedens Verzicht und begab sich nach Belgien. Fabio's elder brother, Mario, married Berenice, the daughter of Tiberio della Ciala, producing four children, of whom two survived: Agnes and Flavio. Band, 1907, S. 579 – S. 580, Mitten unter diesen Drangsalen, welche über den heiligen Vater kamen, blieb er doch ein standhafter Verteidiger des heiligen Glaubens. Diese Website benutzt Cookies. hervor am 7. A contemporary, John Bargrave (having visited Rome during the period following his election and then later during his papacy) wrote the following:[18]. Alexander VII's Apostolic Constitution, Sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum (8 December 1661),[41] laid out the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in terms almost identical to those utilized by Pope Pius IX when he issued his infallible definition Ineffabilis Deus. Sie erlangten aber auf die Regierung geringen Einfluss, da Alexander die Behandlung der wichtigsten Geschäfte des Staates und der Kirche den Kardinal-Kongregationen überließ. – Endlich ließen sich diese hinreißen, die Franzosen anzugreifen, wobei zwei französische Soldaten das Leben verloren. Nach oben . hervor am 7. Der Gesandte mischte sich überall ein und suchte absichtlich Streitigkeiten mit den päpstlichen Beamten und Soldaten. Auf die Einladung des Papstes begab sie sich nach Italien. aus: Chrysostomus Stangl, kath. A seventeenth-century pamphlet credited to Ayres, titled A short Account of the Life and Death of Pope Alexander VII, contains many fascinating details about Alexander's passing. The same added that he should hope in the mercies of God, who is always ready to showre down his mercies upon a penitent heart; the pope answered with the same weakness of speech, Certe. Chigi Februar 1599 in Siena; † 22. eigentlich Fabio Chigi , * 13. Mai 1655. However, he prevented Louis XIV from sending the usual embassy of obedience to Alexander VII, and, while he lived, he foiled the appointment of a French ambassador to Rome, diplomatic affairs being meantime conducted by cardinal protectors, generally personal enemies of the Pope. Born in Siena, a member of the illustrious banking family of Chigi and a great-nephew of Pope Paul V (1605–1621),[3] Fabio Chigi was privately tutored and eventually received doctorates of philosophy, law, and theology from the University of Siena. Nur für privaten Gebrauch. Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users. {{ || 'Unknown'}}, {{ || || || 'Unknown'}}, Uploaded by: {{}} on {{ | date:'mediumDate'}}. aus dem Fürstengeschlecht der Borgia 1492 zum Papst gewählt. zu erdulden. aus: Andreas Hamerle C.Ss.R., Geschichte der Päpste, III. The appointment was made public on 10 November 1659. Pope Innocent X (1644–1655) recalled Chigi to Rome. ließ dafür die päpstlichen Besitzungen in Frankreich, Avignon und Benaissin, besetzen, den Nuntius über die Grenze schaffen und drohte mit einem Heer nach Rom zu ziehen. On 8 January 1635, Chigi was named Bishop of Nardò in southern Italy and consecrated on 1 July 1635[8] by Miguel Juan Balaguer Camarasa, Bishop of Malta. [38] "In 1758 the general prohibition against works advocating heliocentrism was removed from the Index of prohibited books, although the specific ban on uncensored versions of the Dialogue and Copernicus's De Revolutionibus remained. However, his administration's relations with France were strained due to his frictions with French diplomats. Sofort nach der Wahl ließ er das Silbergeschirr, das er als Kardinal besaß, verkaufen und den Erlös für fromme Zwecke verwenden, Gefangenen schenkte er die Freiheit, Schuldnern die Schuld. [16], When Innocent X died on 1 January 1655, Cardinal Chigi was elected pope after eighty days in the conclave, on 7 April 1655, taking the name of Alexander VII. Sie bestehen aus 284 Säulen und 88 Pfeilern. Daily entries from the 17th century London diary. Nutzungsbedingungen & AGBs. Maurice A. Finocchiaro, Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria del Popolo, "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Alexander VII", Galileo#Church reassessments of Galileo in later centuries, Index of Forbidden Books#Abolition (1966), "A short account of the life and death of pope Alexander the VII", Publications by or about Pope Alexander VII,, Literature by and about Pope Alexander VII, Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Hier finden Sie die Autoren mit ihren Büchern, alphabetisch aufgelistet. [20], A number of pontifs are renowned for their urban planning in the city of Rome—for example, Pope Julius II and Pope Sixtus V—but Alexander VII's numerous urban interventions were not only diverse in scope and scale but demonstrated a consistent planning and architectural vision that the glorification and embellishment of the city, ancient and modern, sacred and secular, should be governed by order and decorum.[21][22]. Promoted to the cardinalship eight of those select person, whom he supposed, for their great worth and labours, bestowed for the good of the Papal See, had merited the advancement to so high dignity. He began his career as a vice-papal legate, and he held various diplomatic positions in the Holy See.He was ordained as a priest in 1634, and he became bishop of Nardo in 1635. Pope Alexander Vii. And on Sunday the 22. of May, about 22. of the clock, he quietly rendred his spirits to his Creator, in the 60 year of his age, and 13 of his pontificate; and the same evening, the usual ceremony being performed by the cardinal lord Chamberlain, the corps were arrayed in the accustomed vestments, put into a litter of crimson velvet open on all sides, compassed round about by the penitentiary fathers, with lighted torches in their hands, accompanied by the guards and light horses, followed by the artillery, and with the Rexe Guard of Curiassiers, being carried to the Vatican, and there the next morning opened, there was found on one part of the lungs, fastned to one of his sides, a touch of a black spot; one of his kidneys wasted, and some carnosities of fleshy kyrnels instead of it, from whence the passage of the urine was hindred; and an ulcer of the reins, which of all his other diseases was the worst: from thence, being embalmed and pontifically appareled, he was carried the next day to the cathedral of St. Peter, and placed in the chapel of the most Holy Sacrament, where was a concourse of an infinite number of people, to kiss his feet, and take from him whatsoever they could lay hands on, to preserve to themselves as holy reliques. – letzten 77 Beiträge (*) Es ist oben bemerkt worden, daß dieser Papst dem westfälischen Frieden, der Deutschland ruinierte, entgegen arbeitete. After he had received both the Eucharist and the Extreme Unction, he disposed himself for his Transit, with a marvelous undantedness; and had already even lost his Speech, when one of his religious men standing by exhorted him to do an act of contrition, and to aske God pardon of his sins, he collecting his breath, which was flying away, with a most lanquisting voice, which coud hardly be understood, answered Ita. This text was copied from Wikipedia on 11 October 2020 at 6:02AM. He also encouraged architecture, and the general improvement of Rome, where houses were razed to straighten and widen streets and where he had the opportunity to be a great patron for Gian Lorenzo Bernini: the decorations of the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, titular churches for several of the Chigi cardinals, the Scala Regia, the Chair of St. Peter in the Vatican Basilica.

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